Almost all the environment related problems can be easily solved with the help of biomimicry. Biomimicry is the practice of using the nature inspired designs and strategies, and converting it into human made inventions and technology to solve human problems. Interestingly enough, this process was used to build the first flying machine as well. There is no problem that cannot be solved. You just have to look around, observe and learn from your surroundings. The same goes for waste management.
The problem of waste management is no different. One can take different approaches to manage the waste that we produce on daily basis. It can be composting, recycling, energy production, reusing, reducing, etc. Waste reduction is a very potent and efficient way of achieving the eco-friendly disposal of waste. One of the greatest inspiration that the nature provides for managing the waste in an effective way is a Dung Beetle.
Dung Beetles are the unsung heroes of our environment. They help in cycling nutrients back to the soil when they bury the dung or carrion. By doing so, they prevent populations of parasitic flies from breeding in the fresh faeces of mammals. They also replenish carbon back to the island help the Mircobes to flourish. Hence, managing the waste in order to benefit the environment by reducing the carbon footprint.
Derived from the name of an Egyptian dung beetle god Khepri, XAPER introduces a similar process of biomimicry through its technology and machinery. XAPER inspires to follow the principle work ethics of a Dung Beetle. By being one of its kind patent composter, XAPER effectively segregates the mixed municipal waste with 0% waste approach. It is capable of composting (aerobic) wet waste and segregating dry waste simultaneously, resulting in 70% reduction in waste quantity near the source of waste generation. XAPER is designed for decentralized locations such as waste collection points, transfer points or in gated societies. This kind of waste management does not generate any kind of leachate and methane, which makes it better than standard practices of waste management.
XAPER uses the unsegregated waste from households and other spaces. This waste goes through the decentralized process, specially designed by Xaper, which divides this waste into the groups of recyclable, compostable and combustible waste. Each of these segregated waste group further break down into smaller components which are send out to re-cycling industry, compost facility and cement plants respectively. Therefore, XAPER works to achieve the goal of 0% waste approach.
By segregating the mixed municipal solid waste into recyclable, compostable and combustible components, XAPER helps in the mass and volumetric reduction of waste. Not only does XAPER has environmental advantages, it also provides various socio-economic advantages. Where the local bodies spend about Rs.3500/- per ton on waste collection, processing, transportation and disposal excluding land cost, each XAPER installation of 10 TPD capacity produces saving of Rs.1.28 Cr/year and Rs.12.8 Cr. along the life of machine. This results in 24% ROI and 4 years payback period. If there is decentralized waste processing and 100% diversion of all 62 million tons waste which is generated in India, local bodies will save more than Rs.20000 Cr. annually.
The patent composter from XAPER does not require any additional land for waste processing or dumping as well. XAPER is installed at existing Dhallos and produces 100% output diversion from land fill for energy recovery. This would save 66 thousand hectors of land required for additional Landfills and the land, presently being used for dumping, can also be recovered.
Not only this, if the current 62 million tones annual generation of MSW continues to be dumped without treatment, it will need 3,40,000 cubic meter of landfill space everyday (1240 hectare per year). Considering the projected waste generation of 165 million tones by 2031, the requirement of land for setting up landfill for 20 years (considering 10 meters high waste pile) could be as high as 66 thousand hectares of precious land, which our country cannot afford to waste. XAPER can help in the process of vacating this land to make it fit for other important activities.
Along with these perks, XAPER is also a huge step towards employment generation. It offers hygienic and socially dignified working conditions to under-privileged. After each XAPER installation, 8 people get direct employment and thus, it helps in the realignment of unorganized sector. By replicating the Kasturba Drain model to process 10000 tons of waste generated in Delhi, XAPER also offers direct employment to 8000 downtrodden people.
Replication of the Kasturba Drain model will not only generate large employment, but it will also save huge financial resources which are currently being spent on health and medical services. Open waste heaps are breeding ground for vectors, flies, rats, dogs etc. Mismanagement of waste can lead to a global pandemic more dangerous than COVID-19. As per WHO, 22 types of diseases can be prevented by improving the MSW management system. These problems can be easily resolved by switching to XAPER’S effective waste management strategies.
With a vision of “Waste to Wealth”, XAPER works for the betterment of environment. By introducing brilliant technology and machinery, XAPER aims at achieving a healthier and greener present, and a sustainable future for the people of India.